Case Study: I.V.O.O., Energy from waste in Belgium
Energy from Waste
I.V.O.O. Key figures
15 years of collaboration, since 2004
63,000 tons of waste/year incinerated
Over 8,500 hours of operation/year
31,500 MWh of electricity and 8,000 MWh of heat produced per year
Pollutants to mitigate: HCl, SO2, NOx,
Facility located in Belgium
I.V.O.O.’s needs: cost efficiency and adaptability
A 15-year collaboration with Solvay
The Intermunicipality for waste management for Oostende and Ommeland, on the Belgian seaside, has been producing energy from waste (EfW) since the 1980s. The company has been working with SOLVAir® for the past 15 years and its needs evolved during this time.
Complying with regulations on HCl, SO2 and NOx while reducing costs
Over the course of all that time, the facility has had to comply with increasingly stringent regulations concerning its emissions, particularly sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOX) and hydrogen chloride (HCl), while at the same time the waste was getting more and more polluted (HCl peaks in particular needed to be better controlled). On top of that, there was a need to reduce the total cost of ownership of flue gas treatment, combined with a will to increase the plant’s energy efficiency.
Variable waste input in a touristic area
A couple of additional issues specific to the its environment include a highly variable waste input, both in terms of quantity and quality, due to the touristic nature of the Belgian riviera, coupled with very low NOX emissions limits enforced by the Flanders region, and the relatively modest size of the facility (around 63,000 tons of waste incinerated and 31,500 MWh of electricity produced per year), making it all the more tricky to maintain the profitability of its EfW activity in the long term.
What SOLVAir® provides to I.V.O.O
Low investment and maintenance, high SOx mitigation
The first advantage of this solution was the absence of heavy investments needed to install and operate the SOLVAir® flue gas treatment system, which treats increasingly acid gases in compliance with current and future emissions limits. Moreover, contrary to a wet scrubber or a lime spray-drier and thanks to its simple and robust operation, the solution doesn’t use water. It therefore cannot produce any wastewater, which facilitates maintenance and operation, significantly reducing costs in the process. What’s more, it provides superior SOX mitigation performances without causing any energy losses due to flue gas treatment operations.
Innovation and experience for a tailor-made solution
SOLVAir® provided all the necessary technical assistance, thanks to our long-standing experience and our network of experts to optimize the installation. As an example, in 2014, in agreement with I.V.O.O., SOLVAir® decided to switch to a “ready-to-use” sorbent for the plant’s flue gas treatment. Given the requirements in terms of emissions limitations and energy output maximization, this was the way to go.
Benefits for I.V.O.O.
Flexibility and simplicity for operational excellence
With the installation of our solution, the Oostende EfW plant was able to maximize the flexibility of its flue gas treatment and enjoy the best possible operational experience.
Reminder (or look at the context !) : We are in a touristic area and waste is variable.
Improved cost and energy efficiency
Thanks to its low temperature NOX mitigation process (180-190°C, meaning the flue gases don’t need to be reheated to get rid of the nitrogen oxides), SOLVAir® also successfully improved the plant’s energy efficiency and reduced its operating costs.
Green energy for local heating
Finally, the heat from the flue gases was more efficiently put to good use by being injected into the local heating network used by neighboring industrial facilities.
“By making the right investments, among which the installation of SOLVAir® S300 since 2004 and upgrade to SOLVAir® SB0/3 since 2014, I.V.O.O managed to keep its installation up-to-date, compliant to all regulations, and still profitable.”
“Over the last decade, SOLVAY has been building a robust technical partnership with I.V.O.O. SOLVAir®’s technical experts and commercial teams have been attentive to the customer’s requests and provided the appropriate tailor-made solutions to ensure its sustainable operation in the long term.”
Requirement of the legislation in the Flanders region, Belgium
- BAT (Best available techniques)
- AEL (Associated emission limits) according to European BREF
- Regional NOX limitation @100 mg/Nm³ dry 11%O2 and NH3 limitation @ 10 mg/Nm³ dry 11% O2